California University of Technology was founded in 1891 as Throop University by Amos Gager Throop. The name was changed to Throop Polytechnic Institute between 1893-1912 and then to Throop College of Technology between 1913-1919. Caltech became the California Institute of Technology on February 10, 1920.Caltech is a private research university in Pasadena , California. The university is known for its strength in science and engineering, and is one among a small group of institutes of technology in the United States which is primarily devoted to the instruction of pure and applied sciences. Caltech started as a vocational school founded in Pasadena on September 23, 1891 by local businessman and politician Amos G. Throop . It started as a vocational school which was later disbanded and the preparatory program was split off to form the independent Polytechnic School in 1907.
Caltech is a world-renowned science and engineering institute that trains some of the world’s brightest minds and most innovative tools to address fundamental scientific questions and pressing societal challenges. As of October 2020, there are 76 Nobel laureates who have been affiliated with Caltech , including 40 alumni and faculty members (41 prizes, with chemist Linus Pauling being the only individual in history to win two unshared prizes), in addition, 4 Fields Medalists and 6 Turing Award winners have been affiliated with Caltech. There are 8 Crafoord Laureates and 56 non-emeritus faculty members (as well as many emeritus faculty members) who have been elected to one of the United States National Academies , 4 Chief Scientists of the U.S. Air Force and 71 have won the United States National Medal of Science or Technology. Numerous faculty members are associated with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute as well as NASA. According to a 2015 Pomona College study, Caltech ranked number one in the U.S. for the percentage of its graduates who go on to earn a PhD. In 1934, Caltech was elected to the Association of American Universities , and the antecedents of NASA ‘s Jet Propulsion Laboratory , which Caltech continues to manage and operate, were established between 1936 and 1943 under Theodore von Karma.
The Caltech Library System was founded in 1891 and currently has a staff of 61. The library has more than 550,325 book titles and bound periodicals, 543,000 microforms, and a selective U.S. Government publications depository. The library consists of two central facilities,the first being the Millikan Library, housing Millikan collections and Library Administration, Circulation, Document Delivery Services, and Technical Processing, and the second which is the Sherman Fairchild Library of Engineering and Applied Science, housing the engineering collections, the Library Information Technology group, and the Digital Media Center. The Sherman Fairchild Library was dedicated in January 1997 and has a staff of one director, three librarians, and three support staff who serve 85 faculty members, 400 graduate students, and 325 undergraduates. In addition, the Sherman Fairchild Library houses the five information technology staff members for the whole library system. The director of the library is also responsible for all science and mathematics library services and staff in other locations on campus. In addition to Millikan and the Sherman Fairchild, the library system includes five branch libraries: Astrophysics, Geology, Public Affairs, Earthquake Engineering, and Management.
The library got it’s funding from a $9.6 million gift from the Sherman Fairchild Foundation. The Sherman Fairchild Library was created to meet a need, perceived by both faculty and library staff, for increasingly complex and expensive electronic resources. The engineering collections were housed comfortably in a number of departments-they were, in effect, department libraries-but to offer electronic resources to users in the most cost-effective manner. Because of its moderate number of students, students are able to have a close interaction and deep learning in school.